The wheel balancing contains:
- take off the wheel from your car,
- check the tyre status,
- remove the old balancing weights,
- balance the wheel,
- put back the wheel to car,
- check the wheel nuts/bolts tighten.
During balancing, the weight distribution of the wheel is made more even so that no vibration occurs during rotation. Without this, the wheel would vibrate as you drive, and the vibration could damage the chassis, steering, shock absorber or other parts of the suspension. It would also reduce the grip on the road, driveability and travel comfort.
The device detects any vibration during rotation and then displays its location and the amount of compensating weight on the display. After the weights fitted need to check the balance again mainly in case of older equipment because they cannot predict the position of the hand-fitted weight in advance. This check is repeated until the calculated weight is equal to or less than 5 grams. Commonly used weights vary by 5 grams for easier use.
Balancing can be done with a 'hammer type' weight or a self-adhesive weight. In the case of self-adhesive weights, a slightly larger weight should generally be used, as the weight inside the rim is affected by a smaller centrifugal force due to its proximity to the center.